[1]鲁春艳.拥书自雄:魏晋南北朝时期士人阶层的知识垄断[J].扬州职业大学学报扬州教育学院学报,2022,(04):16-20,30.
 LU Chun-yan.Proud of Owning Books and Knowledge:Knowledge Monopoly of Scholars in the Period of Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties[J].Journal of Yangzhou Polytechnic College,2022,(04):16-20,30.
点击复制

拥书自雄:魏晋南北朝时期士人阶层的知识垄断()
分享到:

《扬州职业大学学报》《扬州教育学院学报》[ISSN:1008-3693/CN:32-1529/G4]

卷:
期数:
2022年04期
页码:
16-20,30
栏目:
《扬州职业大学学报》刊期目录
出版日期:
2022-12-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Proud of Owning Books and Knowledge:Knowledge Monopoly of Scholars in the Period of Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties
文章编号:
1008-3693(2022)04-0016-05
作者:
鲁春艳
(陕西师范大学,陕西西安710100)
Author(s):
LU Chun-yan
(Shannxi Normal University, Xi'an 710100, China)
关键词:
士人书籍垄断 皇权靠拢 知识独占观念 印刷术
Keywords:
scholars monopolizing books imperial support knowledge monopoly typography
分类号:
K 235
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
魏晋南北朝时期,民间书籍的数量、传播及流通范围极其有限,书籍作为一种稀缺资源,被少数士人阶层所垄断。士人阶层围绕书籍展开了一系列活动,使书籍逐渐演变成彰显士人身份和品格的重要标志,更进一步成为士人立身兴家的资本基石。对此,皇权表示认可并积极参与,无形之中起到了加强士人群体优势垄断的作用。在这样的背景下,知识独占的观念深入人心。在印刷术出现之前,这一切构成了士人群体优势地位得以巩固的重要原因。
Abstract:
During the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties period, books were scarce with very limited dissemination and circulation, and were mainly occupied by the scholar class. Scholars carried out a series of activities related to books, making books an important symbol demonstrating their identity and characters, and more importantly, accumulating capital for them to establish a career. The imperial power approved of this behavior and actively participated in it, which reinforced the monopolistic status of the scholars. The idea of knowledge monopoly was thus engrained in the society. All of this undoubtedly consolidated the predominant position of the scholar class before the advent of typography.

参考文献/References:

[1] 杨恩玉.南朝太学考辨[J].南京晓庄学院学报,2014(3):17-22.
[2] 岑仲勉.隋唐史[M].石家庄:河北教育出版社,2000.
[3] 陈寿.三国志[M].北京:中华书局,1982.
[4] 李延寿.南史[M].北京:中华书局,1975.
[5] 李百药.北齐书[M].北京:中华书局,1972.
[6] 王国维.观堂集林[M].杭州:浙江教育出版社,2014.
[7] 范晔.后汉书[M].北京:中华书局,1972.
[8] 房玄龄.晋书[M].北京:中华书局,1974.
[9] 魏收.魏书[M].北京:中华书局,1974.
[10] 魏征,令狐德棻.隋书[M].北京:中华书局,1973.
[11] 陈德弟.魏晋南北朝抄书人对传播典籍与文化的贡献[J].文史杂志,2008(2):8-10.
[12] 胡宝国.将无同——中古史研究论文集[C].北京:中华书局,2020.
[13] 严可均.全晋文[M].北京:中华书局,1958.
[14] 姚思廉.梁书[M].北京:中华书局,1973.
[15] 李延寿.北史[M].北京:中华书局,1974.
[16] 萧子显.南齐书[M].北京:中华书局,1972.
[17] 释慧皎.高僧传[M].汤用彤,校注.汤一玄,整理.北京:中华书局,1992.
[18] 释僧祐.出三藏记集[M].苏晋仁,萧练子,点校.北京:中华书局,1995.
[19] 郁沅,张明高.魏晋南北朝文论选[M].北京:人民文学出版社,1996.
[20] 钱穆.中国学术思想史论丛:第三卷[M].北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,2009.
[21] 王利器.颜氏家训集解[M].北京:中华书局,1993.
[22] 严可均.全上古秦汉三国六朝文:全三国文[M].北京:中华书局,1965.
[23] 李昉.太平广记[M].北京:中华书局,1961.
[24] 姚思廉.陈书[M].北京:中华书局,1972.
[25] 许逸民.金楼子校笺[M].北京:中华书局,2011.
[26] 沈约.宋书[M].北京:中华书局,1974.
[27] 黄大宏.八代谈薮校笺:正编[M].北京:中华书局,2010.
[28] 杨明照.抱朴子外篇校笺[M].北京:中华书局,1991.
[29] 辛德勇.读书与藏书之间二集[M].北京:中华书局,2005.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2022-07-12
作者简介:鲁春艳(1997—),女,陕西师范大学历史文化学院硕士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01